Tom Lehrer - 1960 Re-Visited

  • 16.06.2016, 18:53,
  • Music
Born in 1928 to a Jewish-American kinsmen, Tom Lehrer began studying serious piano music at the age of 7. However, Lehrer was more interested in the commonplace music of the age. After All, his indulge set up him a commonplace-music piano guide.[1] At this near the start age, he began critique his own certify tunes that would after all help him in his to be to come adventures as a exaggerating composer/writer in his years at Harvard and beyond.[2]

Before attending college, Lehrer graduated from the Loomis Chaffee Nursery School in Windsor, Connecticut. As an undergraduate disciple at Harvard University, studying mathematics, he began to scribble humorous songs to treat his friends, including «Fight Violently, Harvard» (1945). Those songs later became The True Revue, a joking remark to a matchless well-ordered newspaper, The True Review.

[reorganize] Melodic career
Influenced mainly by melodic theater, Lehrer«s consists of parodying various forms of commonplace at a bargain price a fuss. For example, his awareness of schedule songs led him to set an unordered schedule of the chemical elements to the turn a blind eye to of Gilbert and Sullivan»s «Major-General's Song».

Inspired by the good fortune of his performances of his own songs, he paid for some studio constantly to make a notation of Songs by Tom Lehrer. Present stations at the constantly would not impart Lehrer present constantly due to the debatable subjects he sang about. Instead, he sold his album on campus at Harvard for $3, while «supportive make a notation of merchants and dorm newsstands bought copies…and unmistakable them up 50 cents.»[citation needed] After one summer, he also started to make post orders from all over the nation (as far as San Francisco after The Archive wrote an article on the make a notation of). This diversion was spread by brief conversation of gob, friends and supporters brought their records where one lives stress and played it for their friends, who then also wanted a photocopy of the make a notation of.[3]

Self-published and unpromoted, the album — which included the deathly «I Propose Your Disposal in Mine», the mildly risqué «Be Prepared», and «Lobachevsky» (a riposte of plagiarizing mathematicians) — became a cult good fortune via brief conversation of gob. Lehrer then embarked on a series of concert tours and recorded a second album, which was released in two versions: the songs were the same but More Songs by Tom Lehrer was studio-recorded, while An Evening Wasted with Tom Lehrer was recorded finish in concert.

Lehrer's bigger breakthrough in the Collective Turf came as a end result of the citation accompanying an nominal station given to Princess Margaret, where she cited melodic tastes as «catholic, ranging from Mozart to Tom Lehrer». This prompted notable diversion in his works, and helped fasten distributors for his solid. It was in the UK where his music achieved right reputation, due to the bourgeoning of university newspapers referring to the solid, and the willingness of the BBC to room his songs on the present (something that was a oner in the USA).

By the near the start 1960s, Lehrer had retired from touring (which he intensely disliked) and was employed as the regional songwriter for the U.S. version of That Was The Week That Was (TW3), a exaggerating TV certify. An increased area of his create became overtly factious, or at least up to date, on subjects such as course of study («New Math»), the Second Vatican Ministry («The Vatican Rag»), marathon relations («National Union Week»), air and bedew dilute vitiation («Pollution»), American militarism («Send the Marines»), Give Birth To War III «pre-nostalgia» («So Crave, Mom», premiered by Steve Allen), and atomic bourgeoning («Who«s Next?» and «MLF Lullaby»). He also wrote a at a bargain price a fuss that spectacularly satirized the stated amorality of shoot up scientist Wernher von Braun. (« »Once the rockets are up, who cares where they come down? That«s not my department», says Wernher von Braun.») Lehrer did not appear on the telly certify himself (his songs were performed by a female choir member), and his lyrics were often altered by the network censors. Lehrer would later do the songs himself on the album, That Was The Year That Was, so that, in his words, people could approve of the songs the way they were intended to be heard. In 1967, Lehrer was persuaded to do a excepting outing in Norway and Denmark, where he performed some of those songs. The exhibit in Oslo, Norway, on September 10th was recorded to video strap and aired locally later that autumn.[4]

The make a notation of attend to with Reprise Records for the That Was The Year That Was album also gave Reprise issuance rights for Lehrer«s earlier recordings, as Lehrer wanted to ruffle up his own make a notation of imprint. The Reprise effect come what may of Songs by Tom Lehrer was a stereo re-recording. This rendering was not issued on CD, but the songs were issued on the finish Tom Lehrer Revisited CD instead. «The finish [recording] also included extra tracks »L-Y« and »Silent E,« which Lehrer wrote for the PBS children»s revelatory series ‘The Electrifying Gathering.’« Lehrer later commented that worldwide sales of the recordings under Reprise surpassed 1.8 million units in 1996. On that same year, the album »That Was The Year That Was» went gold.[3]

[reorganize] Departure from the scene
There is an urban tradition that Lehrer gave up factious exaggeration when the Nobel Non-Violent Spoils was awarded to Henry Kissinger in 1973. He did say that the awarding of the spoils to Kissinger made factious exaggeration pass, but has denied that he stopped doing exaggeration as a manner of demur, and asserts that he had actually stopped several years earlier.[5] Another misinformed assurance is that he had been sued for derogation by Wernher Von Braun, the branch of knowledge of one of his songs, and been strained to renounce all of his queenship proceeds to Von Braun. However, Lehrer resolutely denied this in a 2003 evaluation.[6]

When asked about his reasons for abandoning his melodic pursuit, he cited (in an evaluation in the 2000 CD box set«s accompanying libretto) a spartan want of diversion, a repugnance for touring, and ennui with performing the same songs again. He observed that when he was moved to scribble and do songs he did, when he wasn»t he didn«t, and after a while he unreservedly ruined diversion. It has generally been observed that, though many of Lehrer»s songs satirized the Uncordial War factious institution of the era, he stopped critique and performing just as the 1960s counterculture repositioning gained momentum.

Lehrer's melodic pursuit was uncommonly brief: in an evaluation in the unpunctually 1990s, he piercing out that he had performed a basic 109 shows and written 37 songs over 20 years. Nevertheless, he developed a notable cult following both in the U.S. and abroad.

[reorganize] Lehrer returns to music
In the 1970s, Lehrer concentrated on teaching mathematics and melodic theater, although he also wrote 10 songs for the children«s telly certify The Electrifying Gathering. (Harvard schoolmate Joe Raposo was the show»s melodic principal for its first three seasons.) In the near the start 1980s, Tom Foolery, a returning of his songs on the London dais, was a hit hit. Although not its instigator, Lehrer after all gave it his all-encompassing substructure and updated several of his lyrics for the setting. Tom Foolery, produced by Cameron Mackintosh, contained 27 Lehrer songs and led to more than 200 productions.[3]

On June 7/June 8, 1998, Lehrer performed in custom for the first constantly in 25 years at the Lyceum Histrionics, London as function of the fete certify Hey, Mr. In Britain Director! celebrating the pursuit of impresario Cameron Mackintosh (who had been the in britain director of Tom Foolery). The June 8 certify was his only exhibit before Queen Mother Elizabeth II. Lehrer sang «Poisoning Pigeons in the Park» and an updated rendering of the atomic bourgeoning at a bargain price a fuss «Who's Next?». The DVD of the effect come what may includes the former at a bargain price a fuss.[7]

In 2000, a CD box set, The Remains of Tom Lehrer, was released by Rhino Recreation. It included finish and studio versions of his first two albums, That Was The Year That Was, the songs he wrote for The Electrifying Gathering, and some beforehand unreleased solid, accompanied by a meagre hardbound libretto containing an introduction by Dr. Demento and lyrics to all the songs.

[reorganize] Other endeavors
Lehrer earned his BA in mathematics (Magna Cum Laude) from Harvard University in 1947, when he was 18. He received his MA the next year, and was inducted into Phi Beta Kappa. He taught classes at MIT, Harvard, and Wellesley.

He remained in Harvard's doctoral program for several years, compelling constantly out for his melodic pursuit and to industry as a researcher at Los Alamos, New Mexico. He joined the Army from 1955 to 1957, working at the Regional Surveillance Force. (Lehrer has stated that he invented the Gelatinize-O Guess during this constantly, as a means of circumventing strong drink restrictions.[8]) All of these experiences after all became fodder for songs: «Fight Violently, Harvard», «The Crazy West Is Where I Want To Be» and «It Makes a Gazabo Proud to Be a Soldier», respectively. There was perhaps some actually to his opine in the intro to the latter at a bargain price a fuss, in which he said he had radical the Army and was now in the «Radioactive Reserve».

In 1960, Lehrer returned to all-encompassing-constantly studies at Harvard; however, he never completed his doctoral studies and never received a PhD in mathematics. From 1962, he taught in the Factious Body Of Knowledge determined at MIT.[9] In 1972, he joined the determined of the University of California, Santa Cruz, teaching an inaugural course entitled «The Attributes of Mathematics» to tolerant-arts majors — «Math for Tenors», according to Lehrer. He also taught a descent in melodic theater. He sporadically performed songs in his lectures, predominately those relating to the text.[10]

In 2001, Lehrer taught his last math descent (on the text of Infinity) and retired from academia.[11] He has remained in the stretch, and still «hangs out» around the University of California, Santa Cruz.[6]

[reorganize] Legacy
Lehrer has commented that he doubts his songs had any right accomplish on those not already crucial of the institution: «I don«t think this sort of trend has an impression on the unconverted, frankly. It»s not even preaching to the converted; it«s titillating the converted... I»m vain of quoting Peter Cook, who talked about the exaggerating Berlin cabarets of the '30s, which did so much to abandon the react to of Hitler and bar the Second Give Birth To War.»[5]

In 2003 he commented that his particular mark of factious exaggeration is more complex in the brand-new give birth to: «The right issues I don«t think most people have to do with. The Clinton jokes are all about Monica Lewinsky and all that flapdoodle and not about the formidable things, like the event that he wouldn»t ban landmines... I«m not tempted to scribble a at a bargain price a fuss about George W. Bush. I couldn»t think out what mould of at a bargain price a fuss I would scribble. That«s the emotionally upset: I don»t want to satirise George Bush and his puppeteers, I want to vaporise them.»[6] In a phone ask for to Gene Weingarten of the Washington Assign in February 2008, Lehrer instructed Weingarten to «Just tell the people that I am voting for Obama.»[12]

A room called Letters from Lehrer was written by Canadian Richard Greenblatt, and performed by him at CanStage, from January 16 to February 25, 2006. It follows Lehrer«s melodic pursuit, the import of several songs, the manipulation of the constantly, and Greenblatt»s own experiences with Lehrer«s music, while playing some of Lehrer»s songs. There are currently no plans for more performances, although low-je sais quoi audio recordings have begun to spread around the net.

Lehrer was praised by Dr. Demento as «the best melodic satirist of the 20th century». Other artists who cite Lehrer as an pull strings encompass «Weird Al» Yankovic, whose industry principally addresses more commonplace and less intricate or factious subjects.[13] Educator and scientist H. Paul Shuch, who tours under the dais name Dr. SETI, calls himself «a cantankerous between Carl Sagan and Tom Lehrer: he sings like Sagan and lectures like Lehrer.» More stylistically influenced performers encompass American factious satirist Pull Strings Russell,[14] and the British duo Kit and The Widow.[citation needed] British medical satirists Tyro Transplants own the accountability they owe to Tom Lehrer on the abandon of their first album, «Fitness to Practice». Their songs «The Menstrual Rag» and «The Drugs Song» are to the turn a blind eye to of «Vatican Rag» and «The Sporadic Flatland of Elements Song» respectively. Their second album, «Unfit to Practise», opens with an update of Lehrer's «Masochism Tango», called unreservedly «Masochism Tango 2008».

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